Leukopenia is the health term for a low white blood cell count whereas White blood cells are important for proper impervious scheme function.
The word leukopenia exactly means lack of white. The little count of white corpuscles makes the system susceptible to illness. It is necessary that a low white blood cell count is identified and treated much before a grave infection begins to build up.
White blood cells shield the body system by generating antibodies and demolishing contagious microorganisms. Monophils and Europhiles swallow up viruses, bacteria and other dreadful organisms to get smashed easily. Lymphocytes construct antibodies which assail spiteful or infectious cells for destroying them. Eosinophils and Basophiles play a major role in the body’s reaction to allergens and bloodsucking organisms.
Causes of Low White Blood Cells
White blood cells are generated in the fillet core where if any medicinal form that interrupt or stops bone marrow function causes low white blood cell count. Medicines can also hold back the functioning of the bone marrow that can deliberate behind the construction of new white blood cells. Autoimmune illness and harsh diseases are also well known for causing a low down white blood cell count.
Hazards and problems
Low white blood cell counts create a simple way to develop an infection in the body. The body’s immune system do not act in response proficiently when the white blood cells count is decreased which hence raises the danger of grave infections particularly in people with negotiating immune systems. People with AIDS/HIV, cancer and other constant conditions might have a big risk of devastating contamination.
When there is less quantity of platelets in the blood, this dysfunction is called as thrombocytopenia. This can be clearly seen in patients suffering from leukopenia which are required to be treated with vitamins, steroids and immunosuppressant.
Leukopenia can be treated with the help of medicines , cancer treatments such as emission and chemotherapy , respiratory tract infection and immune lessening diseases like HIV whereas the other causes of leukopenia are absence of minerals like zinc and copper, sepsis and a plastic anemia.
The indications of leukopenia begins only to show when there is a rigorous case where placid cases normally do not come with a warning sign. These consists swelling of the liver, pneumonia and irritation of mouth. Women may suffer from long duration of periods and hot flashes.
Treatment of leukopenia starts by steroids and vitamins which help in fuelling the marrow to create more leukocytes. An analysis or complete examination can be done with the help of a blood test. This is known as complete blood count (CBC) that allows in calculating the quantity of blood cells in the blood. This is done in case of unusually low amount of it. With regular CBC tests, it is a good way to keep a check with blood cell count problems which can help in seeing the issues before they get out of hand. This analysis should be the customary segment of any normal physical check up.